Development of an Integrated Art and Visual Programming Framework for Ghanaian Basic Schools based on a 21st century skill deficiency diagnostic on two basic school subjects
Harry Barton Essel, Ph.D; Francis Kofi Nimo Nunoo; Noble Ametame Yao Ahiaklo-Kuz

Owing to the innovative and technological intensification in the modern age,21st century skills have become a necessity for survival in the digital age. As the purpose of every education system is to make capable graduates to fit and function effectively in their environment, these skills have become inevitably relevant. Artmakes use of creativity, exploratory and imaginative skills, thus giving learners the urge to unearth and nurture talents. Programming is necessary for every student because it enhances 21st century skills in addition to logical thinking skills. When children get exposed to the concepts of art and programming early, they secure a good foundation for success in any 21stcentury career path. Evidently, in basic school level, teaching and learning activities are deficient of 21st century skill development components. The study employed Qualitative design and descriptive statistics, selecting 9 respondents: Curriculum Developers (3) and ICT teachers (6). This paper therefore presents a review of two essential subjects: Information Communication and Technology (ICT) and Basic Design and Technology (BDT). These are subjects of study in Ghanaian Junior High Schools. It also presents a conceptual framework to remediate the deficiency, and to enhance the development of the 21st century skills.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jehd.v6n4a10