Genesis of School Editions in Spain from Dictatorship to Democracy. A Tour through the Images
Dra. María Méndez-Suárez, Dra. Magdalena López-Pérez, Dr. Zacarías Calzado Almódovar, Dr. Ventura García Preciado

This article shows the accelerated evolution of textbooks in Spain, from the Franco dictatorship to the implementation of democracy, through the observation of the images appearing in them. From the blackest episode that Spain suffered with the rise of the dictatorial regime, textbooks have been transformed and adapted according to the political, social and economic situation of the moment, as well as their illustrations, which were affected both in the material and technical part as well as in the didactic and pedagogical one, being in fact in this aspect in which this piece of research is centred. It is essential to know the overall situation of Spain during this period, especially during the so-called technocratic stage, around the decade of the fifties, to understand from what Spanish education has derived through the textbook and the image, and how the image turned from being a mere companion of the text with a mainly emotive and propagandistic function of the Regime, into being the true protagonist in the teaching and learning processes, becoming a powerful instrument for the internalization of knowledge, and how the book turned from being the only educational resource into being one more element of curricular materials.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jehd.v6n3a17