The Invisible Violence: Symbolic Violence and Relations of Sociability in Brazilian Schools
Sandra A. Riscal, PhD; Jose Reinaldo Riscal, Ms; Ana Maria Stabelini, Ms

Abstract
This article aims to present the results of a study that focuses on the invisibility of violence in schools. The data of three large surveys, one global, the OECD Talis report (2014), and two surveys conducted throughout Brazil, supported by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) were analyzed: Youth Brazil Agenda: The National Survey on Profile and Opinion of Brazilian Youth (2013) and The Participatory Diagnosis of Violence in Schools (2016). For the data analysis, the categories of physical violence, structural violence and symbolic violence were used. The study also discusses the changes in the relations of sociability and civility from the process that aimed to universalize the access to school in Brazil. The study allowed us to conclude that the existence of an institutionalized form of school violence presents aspects that are not explicit and producse a sense of social invisibility, resulting from humiliation, contempt, rejection or exclusion.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jehd.v5n4a23