The Internat Internationalization of Education: The Object of Desire in the 21st Century
Hina Qanber Abbasi, Musferah Mehfooz

The first and the foremost intellectual migration can be traced back to history. It was first cross- national Diasporas of scholars and researchers, occurred during355B.C and in 388BCwhen academics migrated to the Lyceum and Athens, a paradigm shift from Idealism to Pragmatism. Cross- border mobility of the scholars was frequent during Middle Ages. European universities usually stimulated scholars, physician and scientist from many parts of the world and become the center of teaching and learning. There was a tremendous flow of human capital for multiple reasons such as economic, political, social and intellectual demands. The movement of the highly educated skilled individual is categorized as brain drain, and is a constant phenomenon. Human capital being a strategic resource, moves heavily in one direction, is the net flow movement from developing countries to developed one. leaving home ground suffer from shortages of high- level skilled work force, emigration mean lost investment in human capital as well as lost potential tax payers. The growing complexity of brain drain demands increasing cooperation between developing and developed countries to foster new policy approaches to recurrent economic crisis. Since globalization continues to generate worldwide changes and challenges, the present brain drain phenomenon may be viewed in global perspective. The present note emphasized to foster the global perspective and commitment to resolve world- encompassing problems, including resource depletion, financial instability, poverty, violence and war. Moreover as Giddens, observes. The accelerating global integration dilute the exciting legitimacy of the nation state and its powers to resolve the problems of life as it becomes irrelevent in terms of its expected impact on the society. Circumstances of accelerating global integration, the nation state has become too small for the big problems and too big for the small problems of life.

Full Text: PDF